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          1. 怎樣讓你的英語聽起來更禮貌?
            文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-03-11 08:53 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
            (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

            Having good social skills is important if you want to make a good impression on the people you meet. Here’s some advice on what is considered polite or impolite1 in English-speaking cultures.
            當你和別人見面時,要想留下好的印象,擁有良好的社交技巧很重要。下面是一些英語文化中怎樣是禮貌的或者不禮貌的小建議。
             
            1. Please, thank you, excuse me and I’m sorry
             
            These polite expressions are used a lot in spoken English, and not using them can make you appear rude. As politeness2 is considered perhaps the most important quality in relationships, make sure you use them! Don’t worry if you think you use them too frequently3: the worst that people will think of you is that you are sweet and charming:))
             
            Please = use whenever you want someone to do something for you, or if you want something from another person
             
            Can you tell me where the post office is, please?
            Can you pass me that newspaper please?
             
            Never use imperative4 forms unless you are giving someone directions. So although you can say to someone “Take the 130 bus to Croydon and get off at Asda supermarket”, you can’t say to someone “Pass me that newspaper”.
             
            Thank you = use whenever someone does something for you, or gives you something.
             
            Excuse me = use when you want to introduce a request to someone, or if you want to get past someone
             
            Excuse me, can you tell me where the post office is, please?
            Excuse me, is this the right platform for the London train?
             
            I’m sorry = use any time that you inconvenience someone, tread5 on someone’s toes in a crowded train, or if someone asks you something that you can’t do.
             
            I’m sorry, but I don’t understand. Is the post office on the left or the right?
             
            Is Mr Jones in the office?
            I’m sorry, he’s out this morning.
             
            2. Ask permission before doing something that may inconvenience others
             
            Do you mind if I open the window?
            Can I take this chair?
             
            3. Avoid controversial6 topics when you meet someone new
             
            Some topics of conversation can lead to arguments, so unless you know someone well, it’s best to avoid them. These topics are politics7, religion and financial information such as how much money you earn. If you are in doubt about what to talk about, let the other person take the lead, and respond8 to them. This leads on to the next point:
             
            4. Keep the conversation going
             
            If someone asks you a question, respond to it. Avoid one-word answers, and try to say at least a few words. Then you can return the question.
             
            For example, if someone says “Terrible weather, isn’t it”, avoid just saying “yes”. Instead you can say “Yes, I wish it would stop raining” or “Yes, it wasn’t like this last summer, was it?”
             
            Some cultural tips
             
            – in Britain, queuing9 is considered polite. If you “jump the queue” (go to the front, rather than stand behind the last person in the queue) or push the people in front of you, you will make yourself very unpopular!
             
            – don’t stand too close to people. Stand at least an arm’s length away if you can. On crowded public transport this isn’t possible, but people rarely10 talk to each other in these situations.
             
            – keep eye contact when you talk


            點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

            1 impolite gqWzcw     
            adj.無禮的,粗魯的
            參考例句:
            • It is impolite to get a word in.別人談話時插嘴是不禮貌的。
            • It is very impolite of you to do so to customers.你這樣做對顧客太不客氣了。
            2 politeness FlKzDc     
            n.禮貌,客氣
            參考例句:
            • His politeness was only on the surface.他只是表面上客氣。
            • Although she hated him,she put on a show of politeness.盡管她恨他,但還是裝出一副很客氣的樣子。
            3 frequently wiHxT     
            adv.常常,屢次,經常地,頻繁地
            參考例句:
            • Please write to me frequently.請經常給我來信。
            • I like that you should call on me frequently.我喜歡你經常來拜訪我。
            4 imperative BcdzC     
            n.命令,需要;規則;祈使語氣;adj.強制的;緊急的
            參考例句:
            • He always speaks in an imperative tone of voice.他老是用命令的口吻講話。
            • The events of the past few days make it imperative for her to act.過去這幾天發生的事迫使她不得不立即行動。
            5 tread tmSwm     
            vi.踩;行走;vt.踩爛(出);n.胎面,腳步聲
            參考例句:
            • A policeman walked by with a slow,measured tread.一名警察邁著小心的步子慢慢走過。
            • We heard father's tread on the steps.我們聽到臺階上父親的腳步聲。
            6 controversial iZyy1     
            adj.引起爭論的,有爭議的
            參考例句:
            • The topic of argument is controversial.這個議題是很有爭議的。
            • Immigration is a controversial issue in many countries.在很多國家,移民都是一個頗有爭議的問題。
            7 politics gOyxG     
            n.政治,政治學;政綱,政見,策略
            參考例句:
            • They seldom talk on politics in those days.那時人們很少談論政治。
            • The two brothers differed about politics.這兄弟倆政見不同。
            8 respond 3WYx9     
            vi.回答,響應
            參考例句:
            • I offered him a drink but he did not respond.我請他喝酒,但他未作回答。
            • I greeted him but he didn't respond.我跟他打招呼,他沒答理我。
            9 queuing 6f8dc2b043342485ba00a5ff68bb5226     
            n.排隊技術
            參考例句:
            • Seeing people queuing for food was a novelty. 看到人們排隊買食品是件新鮮事。 來自辭典例句
            • A mob of journalists are queuing up at the gate to photograph him. 一群新聞記者在門口排起長隊,等著給他拍照。 來自辭典例句
            10 rarely tT2x4     
            adv.很少,難得;非常地,非凡地
            參考例句:
            • Such fish is rarely met with in the north country.這種魚在北方難得看到。
            • He rarely comes here anymore.現在他難得來這兒了。
            TAG標簽: 英語口語 polite tips
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